From the initial batch production of TNT, the technology for the continuous production of nearly all modern high explosives has been developed by our own development and engineering. Prva Iskra - Namenska a.d. has now own technology for continuous production of TNT / DNT, RDX / PETN, then batch production RDX / HMX, and various compositions on the basis of these explosives.
In the field of explosives for defense, Prva Iskra - Namenska a.d. is well-known in the world for its technology transfer for the production of high explosives, based on a turnkey system.
Besides the production of high explosives, the company has own technology for producing industrial explosives, acid and waste gases recovery technology, oleum and 98% sulphuric acid technology, etc.
Octogen synthesis is performed using the acetanhydride process, resp. by hexamine nitration, whereon as incoming components are used ammonium nitrate solution in concentrated nitric acid, hexamine solution in glacial acetic acid and acetic acid anhydride. Octogen obtained in our plant is in the form of stable β modification.
Our plant for octogen manufacture is of batch type. Yield of octogen obtained by this process amounts to 70% of the theoretical one, calculated to hexamine. Read more
These plants are used for processing and recovery of the waste acids and gases originating from the before mentioned explosive manufacturing plants. Within this package of plants we offer the following for: Waste acids denitration; Nitrous gases absorption; Waste acids distillation in order to remove the explosive; Acetic acid concentration; Waste waters processing.
For a more economical manufacture of the explosives we can also provide plants for nitric and sulphuric acid concentration, as well as for oleum production. Read more
Both hexogen and penthrite are manufactured using the same equipment as in the nitrolytic process based on direct nitration of hexamine respectively pentaerythritol, with concentrated nitric acid.
Plants for hexogen and penthrite synthesis, hexogen phlegmatization and penthrite recrystallization are continuous ones and have a high automation level. The process is remote-controlled from the control house. Read more
The plant for hexogen recrystallization is of batch type. The recrystallization is accomplished from acetone. The process can be controlled so that as the final product is obtained recrystallized hexogen of the desired particle size. Read more
The TNT production process is based on the know reaction of toluene direct nitration with nitric acid in the presence of sulphuric acid. The process proceeds gradually in a series of reactors so that the same process and the same equipment are used for the manufacture of DNT as well. Read more